Austria / Hungary Austria / Hungary Austria / Hungary Austria / Hungary Austria / Hungary

Austria / Hungary

The section of the Iron Curtain Trail on the Hungarian and Austrian border begins at the triangle formed by the meeting point of the borders between Hungary, Austria and Slovakia. The main attractions here are the cultural sights, such as the sculpture park with works by Austrian, Slovakian and Hungarian artists near Rajka and Deutsch-Jahndorf. Then there is Bezenye, which is worth a visit for its multinational character; its three names – Hungarian, Croatian and German – testify to its eventful past. This border line was drawn after World War I, right through the middle of a vaiety of muliethnic settlements, villages and cities. In this regions nearly everyone speaks several languages.

Leaving this triangle, you cycle through charming country with a number of small towns of largely historical interest, such as Jánossomorja with its Baroque church and important altarpieces. A very unusual sight awaits you a few kilometres on in Fertőd: the Palace of Esterházy, once described as the Hungarian Versailles. A few kilometres further west you can visit Sopron, a place that played a major role in the Cold War. This is where the Iron Curtain was first pierced, on 27 June 1989 when the then Foreign Minister Alois Mock and his Hungarian counterpart Gyula Horn jointly cut through the border fence.  In August that year a border gate between Austria and Hungary was symbolically opened at the ‘Pan-European Picnic’.

Continuing south, you reach Hegykő, which is known for its thermal spas. You then follow the border, coming across places of historical interest where you may well want to stop off. Buildings such as the Baroque palace in Peresznye offers exciting insights into the colourful past of the region. Or you can take a trip to the beautiful nature reserve of Kőszeg that has inspired so many painters and composers. Retracing the past again, you can follow the Iron Curtain Trail to Bozsok to look at the Roman aqueduct. In Horvátlövő, a name that already suggests a large Croatian presence, you should pay particular attention to the war memorial in the centre of town, which commemorates the 1920 Treaty of Trianon, the victims of the two world wars and the 1956 revolution.

The journey continues southwards crossing over the border between Austria and Hungary on several occasions before eventually arriving in Szentgotthárd, the westernmost town of Hungary.  Situated on the Rába River, which is familiar both to fishermen and rafting enthusiasts, the town is home to much of Hungary's small Slovene ethnic minority.  From there the route travels through the Őrségi National Park, making its way to the border with Slovenia.

  • 134
    Length
    KM
  • 27/06/1989
    Horn and Mock
    together
    cut the Iron Curtain
  • 126 rooms
    in Eszterhaza Palace

 

  • Cák's Wine Cellars, Hungary

    This open-air museum contains eight old wine cellars that traditionally served as wine storing places before the Phylloxera disease damaged the region's vineyards.

  • Drescher Lake Fertö Cruises, Hungary

    For more than 20 years, Drescher Shipping Company has been providing tours of Lake Fertő. Due to the wetlands that surround the lake on most shores, their ships are by far the best means of admiring the beauty of this National Park and UNESCO World Heritage site. In addition, it is possible to take your bikes on board, so that you can combine exploring the area by bike and by water. The Drescher Shipping Company also offers sailing programmes and excursions, in addition to their popular cruises.

  • Bridge at Andau, Austria / Hungary

    Close to the Austrian village of Andau, a narrow wooden bridge leads over the Einser Canal. From the start of the Hungarian Revolution on the 23rd October 1956 Hungarians used this bridge as a means to cross the border into the West. In total, between 70,000 and 80,000 people crossed over here, with numbers increasing significantly when the Red Army began to violently suppress the revolution. The bridge was blown up on the 21st November and the border was then strongly manned by Hungarian and Russian border patrols. In the 1992 the “Association for International Understanding – The Bridge at Andau” was founded, which led to the bridge being reconstructed in its original site in 2006. Also located close by is the impressive new Baron Berg Gusztáv Bridge. Photo credit: Sonactive Andau (www.andau.info)

  • Sopron Firetower, Hungary

    The tower built upon the ruins of Roman walls is the symbol of the town. The lower square base was functioned as the northern gate tower of the town walls from the 13th century. The characteristic shape of the present tower, the baroque balcony, the spire and the clock tower with a multi-stored onion dome dates from the reconstruction after the town fire of 1676.

  • Certified EuroVelo Route
  • Developed route with EuroVelo signs
  • Developed route
  • Route under development
  • Route at the planning stage

The stages