In Romania, the itinerary consists of 5 sections:Jimbolia - Deta; Deta - Bela Crkva; Bela Crkva - Moldova Nouă; Moldova Nouă - Dubova and Dubova - Kladovo. The whole itinerary is largely located on paved and flat cycle routes where shade and rest areas can be found. The cycle routes follow four national roads (225 km), one European road (33 km) and one county road (22 km). All categories of cycle tourists can use the route considering the relatively low risk in terms of health and safety. Despite the current lack of EuroVelo signs, the orientation is relatively easy thanks to guidance/orientation signs at the entrance/exit of localities and in crossroads.
One of the most wonderful natural sights along the whole Iron Curtain Trail.
On the first section, cyclists ride on routes in the beautiful Romanian countryside embellished with vineyards. The second part of the Trail in Romania links with EuroVelo 6 – Atlantic – Black Sea along the Danube. Here you will experience the “Iron Gates”, a series of spectacular gorges formed as the Danube flows between the Carpathian Mountains and the Balkans which are probably one of the most wonderful natural sights along the whole Iron Curtain Trail.
Incredibly access to what is now the Iron Gates Natural Park was for a long time only available to holders of a special pass. Despite its alliance with Germany in the Second World War, the Soviet forces took control of Romania in 1944 and got rid of fascist leader Antonescu. After the Soviet occupation post-World War Two, Romania entered into the Eastern Bloc and became in 1947 a Communist People’s Republic while opposition leaders were arrested or exiled. Even though Anton Ceausescu - who became head of the Communist Party in 1965 – denounced the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 and the marginal position of the leader vis-à-vis the USSR, Romania was clearly on the Eastern side of the Iron Curtain. The border between Romania and Yugoslavia was indeed closely supervised. Nowadays, there is very little evidence amongst the breathtaking scenery of the Iron Gates that it was once a strategic border between enemies with barbed wire, machine guns and minefields.
When leaving Romania for the last time towards the Serbian city Niš, cyclists will once again cross the border which used to form the Iron Curtain and they will therefore have the opportunity to think once more about the increasingly repressive and autocratic regime of Ceausescu in the 1970s and 1980s which only came to an end with his death in December 1989. In over 40 years of communist terror (1945-1989), Romania became a country of organised crime, of torture chambers, prisons and extermination camps. Over 2 million people were arrested of which 15-20% were killed by shooting or exterminated in jails or camps of forced labour.
The transition period between 1989 and December 1991, when a new Constitution was drafted, was also one of the most troubled transitions of any of the former Eastern Bloc countries.