Norway Norway Norway

Norway

The northernmost point of Europe is marked by the Norwegian Nordkapp. Perched atop of one of the many cliffs is a small monument that not only marks the end of the sub-continent but also one end of a cycle route which leads all the way to the Black Sea. The landscape, carved out by ice giants, is both beautiful and dizzyingly surreal.
  • Certified EuroVelo Route
  • Developed route with EuroVelo signs
  • Developed route
  • Route under development
  • Route at the planning stage

The Norway-Russia border was one of only two land borders between the Soviet Union and NATO territories during the cold war.

The Grense Jakobselv on the Barrents Sea marks the start of the Iron Curtain Trail. The next big settlement is Kirkenes. Today, the town has a population of 3,500, with a majority of people of Norwegian decent as well as some Sami, Finnish and Russian minorities. It is worth going to the Grenselandmuseet (The Border Area Museum), which shows the history of the border and exhibits some art by a local Sami artist. Despite being on the coast, the area has a continental subarctic climate. The summer sun shines from May 17 to July 21. 

The county of Finnmark is the north-easternmost part of Norway and borders Russia. For a long time, it was a common Russian-Norwegian marchland on which the nomadic Sami people lived. After much to and fro, the border was finally settled and marked following World War II. It was agreed that markers be placed at two metres distance from the border and that each pair of markers be clearly visible from the next.

The Norway-Russia border was one of only two land borders between the Soviet Union and NATO territories during the Cold War. As such, it was heavily guarded by both sides.