The Norway-Russia border was one of only two land borders between the Soviet Union and NATO territories during the cold war.
The town of Kirkenes marks the start of the Iron Curtain Trail. Today the town has a population of 3,500, with a majority of people of Norwegian decent as well as some Sami, Finnish and Russian minorities. While there it is worth going by the Grenselandmuseet (The Border Area Museum) in which shows the history of the border as well as exhibits some art by a local Sami artist. Despite being on the coast, the area has a continental subarctic climate. The winter sun shines from May 17th to July 21st.
The county of Finnmark is the north-easternmost part of Norway which borders Russia. For a long time it was a common Russian-Norwegian marchland on which the nomadic Sami people lived. After much to and fro, the border was finally settled and marked following Wolrd War II. It was agreed that markers be placed at 2 metres distance from the border and that each pair of markers be clearly visible from the next.
The Norway-Russia border was one of only two land borders between the Soviet Union and NATO territories during the cold war. As such, it was heavily guarded by both sides.