Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria


Bulgaria was surrounded by an especially long Iron Curtain due to its borders with Tito’s Yugoslavia and Greece and Turkey, who were both members of NATO. Consequently, the Bulgarian section of the Iron Curtain Trail is one of the longest. Indeed, the itinerary of EuroVelo 13 passes through several distinct regions of the former communist country, including several mountain ranges.
  • Certified EuroVelo Route
  • Developed route with EuroVelo signs
  • Developed route
  • Route under development
  • Route at the planning stage

Starting on the border with Serbia, cyclists initially pass through the Balkan mountain massif.  Going southwards, the route then takes in the Rila, Pirin and Rhopodes mountains and the borders with FYRO Macedonia and Greece.  After leaving the Balkan Mountains behind, the route passes through the Thracian lowlands in Greece and Turkey before finally ending on Bulgaria’s Black Sea coast.

Before finally ending on Bulgaria's Black Sea coast

EuroVelo 13 continually crosses Bulgaria’s borders with Serbia and FYRO Macedonia and also leaves Bulgaria for short sections in both Greece and Turkey. 

After some attempts to abandon its alliance with Germany and to ally with the Western forces during the Second World War, Bulgaria was finally occupied by the Red Army, which provided its future political system: Communism. In executing the opponents and abolishing the Monarchy, Communists took control over the country’s politics between 1945 and 1947. Consequently, Bulgaria joined the Warsaw Pact in 1955 and entered in the “Eastern bloc”, on the other side of the Iron Curtain. Very close to the political line of Moscow, the Bulgarian leaders made Bulgaria one the most loyal satellites of the Soviet Union’s Europe and joined Russian forces in 1968 to suppress the Czech popular uprising. Two decades later, a change of leadership did little to appease those calling for political reform but it was the Soviet wave of reforms that forced the Bulgarian Communist Party to give up power in February 1990 and free elections were organised in June 1990.  The Constitution of July 1991 put an end to Bulgaria’s Communist era.

National information
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    Bulgarian Association for Alternative Tourism

    The website provides basic information and findings from the planning process for the Iron Curtain Trail in Bulgaria and the neighboring countries. A description is available as well as detailed electronic map for the trail itinerary.

    Route description Electronic maps / GPS tracks

    available in en / bg